Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: An Analysis of Speech of Hamlet and Claudius

  • Mujtaba Khan
  • Salman
  • Mahnoor Ahmad
Keywords: Hamlet, Claudius, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, speeches


This paper aims to analyze the post-traumatic stress symptoms portrayed in the speeches of Claudius and Hamlet in William Shakespeare's play "Hamlet." The analysis is based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and previous research on PTSD in the literature. The speeches of the two characters are analyzed in terms of their content, tone, and context to identify PTSD symptoms. The results show that both Claudius and Hamlet display symptoms of PTSD, such as re-experiencing, avoidance, negative alterations in cognition and mood, and hyperarousal. The study concludes that Shakespeare's portrayal of PTSD symptoms in the play is accurate and can be used as a valuable resource for understanding PTSD in literature.