Impact of Spiritual Leadership on Organization Development: Moderated by Organizational Change

  • Mirwais Ahmadzai
  • Dr. Fayaz Ali Shah
  • Dr. Shahid Jan
Keywords: Spiritual leadership, organizational change, sustainability, organizational development


The present study aims to examine the complex relationships between Spiritual Leadership, Organizational Change (OC), and Organizational Development (OD) within the context of the health sector in Kabul, Afghanistan. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the influence of Spiritual Leadership on OD, considering the moderating role of OC. A cross-sectional survey study design was utilized to gather and analyze data. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was employed using SmartPLS. The findings suggest that Spiritual Leadership has a notable and favorable impact on OD. Interestingly, it was discovered that OC plays a major and detrimental role in moderating the link between Spiritual Leadership and OD. This implies that the potential impact of Spiritual Leadership on OD may be mitigated when large organizational changes are present, potentially due to the difficulties and uncertainties connected with these transformations. The aforementioned findings present significant insights that can be of great use to leaders and policymakers operating within the health sector of Kabul, Afghanistan. These insights serve as a foundation for implementing focused interventions aimed at improving organizational effectiveness and development within a rapidly changing organizational environment.